A closed head injury is a type of trauma where the brain is injured as a result of a blow to the head, or a sudden, violent motion that causes the brain to slam against the skull. A closed head injury is an internal injury in the sense that no external object actually penetrates the brain. Closed head injuries can affect cells and tissues throughout the brain. They can range from mild to severe. The most common cause of closed head injuries in the United States is auto accidents. They can also happen as a result of falls, work-related accidents, assaults or sports-related accidents.
The symptoms of severe closed head injury include loss of consciousness, coma, dizziness, slurred speech, and are usually obvious. However the symptoms of mild head injury may only become apparent days or even, weeks after an injury. A closed head injury is basically an injury to the brain inside an intact skull. So, the injury to the brain causes swelling, which increases the pressure within the skull also known as intracranial pressure. This increased pressure causes brain damage. Some types of closed head injuries, such as a concussion, heal automatically. However, other types of closed head injuries cause more brain damage, which can even become fatal to the injured victim. The only way to tell the severity of a closed head injury is through a CT scan, which looks at the brain and skull using X-rays.
The most common symptoms of closed head injuries include:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Loss of consciousness
- Cerebrospinal fluid leaking from nose or ears
- Behavioral and emotional changes
- Speed and language problems
If you experience one or more of these symptoms after an auto accident, it is imperative that you see your doctor and get the required medical treatment. These injuries may not be obvious immediately after an accident. That is why it is important to get checked out even if you feel fine, promptly after a car accident.
If you have sustained injuries as a result of a car accident caused by someone else’s negligence, you could seek compensation to cover medical expenses, loss of wages, cost of rehabilitation, therapy and continued treatment that may become necessary for certain types of closed head injuries. If a closed head injury results in death, the deceased victim’s family could file a wrongful death claim seeking damages. Please do not hesitate to contact skilled Illinois closed head injury attorney E. Ryan Bradley.